What is a Speech Therapist and how do they help babies and children?
Speech therapists help people of all ages with different speech, language and swallowing disorders. Here are some of them:
- Swallowing/feeding problems: speech therapist work with babies who struggle to suck or cannot latch properly with breastfeeding.
- Articulation (say: ar-tik-yuh-LAY-shun) disorders: This when a child has trouble saying certain sounds or saying words correctly. "Run" might come out as "won." Or "say" may sound like "thay." Lisps are considered articulation disorders.
- Fluency (say: FLOO-en-see)disorders: If a child repeats certain sounds and has trouble saying the complete word, he or she may have fluency disorder. For example, a child trying to say "story" might get stuck on the "st" and say "st-st-st-story." Or he or she might draw out certain sounds and say "ssssssstory." A stutter is a fluency disorder.
- Resonance (say: REZ-uh-nuhns) or voice disorders: A child might have a voice disorder if people have trouble understanding him or her. The child might start a sentence loud and clear, but it's quiet and mumbling by the end. Sometimes these children sound like they have a cold or like they're talking through their noses.
- Language disorders: A child who has trouble understanding people or has trouble putting words together to express thoughts might have a language disorder.