Asthma can't be prevented or cured. Although many children will outgrow asthma, this is less likely if symptoms are still present after the age of five. The aim of treatment is to keep the lungs healthy so that your child can live a normal life.
The treatment of asthma is in the form of inhaled medication. There are two types of treatment – controllers and relievers.
Controllers prevent asthma symptoms. Eg. Flixotide, Alvesco and Budeflam. The commonest controllers are steroids. They reduce the risk of an asthma attack by decreasing the inflammation (swelling) in the lungs. They take about two weeks to start working and must be used every day, even if you are well.
Relievers work immediately by relaxing the muscles of the airways. Eg. Ventolin and Asthavent. They should only be used when symptoms are present. If needed more than two times a week, then your child's asthma is not well controlled and you should consult with your doctor.